Laser resurfacing of scars, laser scar removal
A scar is the formation of connective tissue in the area of wound healing. Scars, including those that remain after surgery, do not look aesthetically pleasing, while a person may feel uncomfortable due to the fact that there are scars on his body. However, with the help of modern medicine, this cosmetic defect can be eliminated.
A laser is used to remove postoperative scars. They are removed by laser resurfacing. The benefits of resurfacing scars include a minimal risk of complications. From this procedure, the maximum effect is achieved.
What is a scar? What types of scars are there?
The following types of scars are distinguished:
It does not rise above the surface of the skin, is almost invisible, is formed with normal healing ability of the tissue.
Flesh or whitish, slightly drawn into the skin. Usually occurs with minor damage. A variety of atrophic scars are post-acne scars (scars after acne).
Rough, dense, rises above the surface of the skin. As a rule, it occurs with deep skin lesions (burns, lacerations). Often located in the neck, joints and other mobile areas, prone to permanent trauma.
It is a pathological overgrowth of scar tissue, far beyond the borders of the primary scar, cyanotic or bright pink, dense and tuberous to the touch. Often accompanied by soreness and itching. The exact cause of keloid has not been established. An important role is played by a hereditary predisposition to keloidosis and the localization of trauma (auricles, sternum and pubic region, etc.).
How does a laser work in the treatment of scars?
Laser treatment of scars is the only procedure that allows you to reduce the depth of scars and eliminate them forever.
The essence of laser scar treatment is to remove the upper layers of the skin along with scar tissue. At the same time, restoration processes in the treated areas are strengthened, new young collagen and elastin are synthesized, which leads to the formation of a normal dermis structure.
It should be noted that fresh red scars and keloid scars are not always indications for resurfacing scars. As a rule, you should wait until the inflammatory phenomena subside and stop the formation of scar tissue for laser scar removal. On average, this process takes up to six months.
How to treat fresh scars?
To accelerate the healing and prevention of the formation of coarse scar tissue, conservative treatment of fresh scars and stretch marks should be carried out. This will allow you to get a neat, tight scar, sometimes almost imperceptible, which will significantly reduce the number of laser resurfacing. Excellent results are obtained by plasma therapy (plasmolifting), placentotherapy, mesotherapy with anti-inflammatory and defibrosing components in combination with augmented agents for the treatment of scar tissue.
What is the procedure for laser resurfacing of scars?
Removing scars and scars is most often a painless procedure. However, in some cases, there is an increased sensitivity of the skin to the laser. In such a situation, local anesthesia with anesthetic cream is used. During the day, slight swelling and redness of the treated area may persist, in the future small crusts form, which go away within a week.
After the procedure, damage to the scar area should be avoided for three days. This area must be protected from direct sunlight. To do this, use sunscreen. The cream is used for at least six weeks after the laser resurfacing procedure. The result of the procedure is long-term.
How many procedures are needed to remove scars?
The number of procedures depends on the prescription, type and size of the scar. Normotrophic scars are most favorable for correction. Atrophic scars (for example, acne scars) can completely disappear both after a single procedure and after a series of laser resurfacing, which is determined by the depth of the scars. Correction of large hypertrophic scars is a difficult task and requires multiple resurfacing. The most difficult for correction are keloid scars, the question of the appropriateness of their resurfacing is decided individually, and, as a rule, is accompanied by drug therapy. After the first resurfacing, a scar usually decreases by 20-30%.
What are the approaches to the treatment of acne scars?
Traces, scars, acne scars – a very common problem, how to get rid of which many patients are interested in.
For the treatment of acne scars (scars after acne), various types of peels are often used. However, in comparison with laser resurfacing, the patient requires many procedures with a long recovery period.
Hirudotherapy is an indispensable method of treating fresh scars. The contained enzymes in the leech saliva have a pronounced absorbable and anti-inflammatory effect.