Couperosis on the face: treatment
Cuperosis is a fairly common phenomenon among the population, especially its female part. Permanent redness of the skin, spider veins or vascular reticulum is, at first glance, a common cosmetic problem that you want to eliminate and forget. However, everything is not as simple as it seems.
At risk are people with sensitive skin and those whose parents or other close relatives have experienced couperosis, since this disease can be inherited.
In addition to a genetic predisposition, couperosis can very often be one of the symptoms of diseases of the internal organs, in which damage to the vascular wall occurs. Because of this, it is very important not only to eliminate the manifestation, but to identify the cause of the appearance of this pathology on the skin. The most problematic area is the face. Most often, capillary stars are located in the cheeks, chin and nose wings.
How does couperose appear?
Due to various factors (genetic predisposition, improper lifestyle, the presence of a chronic disease), damage to the walls of blood vessels occurs, violation of their elasticity, which leads to their rupture and compensatory proliferation of the pathological vascular network. As a result, blood from arterioles, bypassing the capillaries, through shunts enters the venules. Such vessels do not perform their trophic function properly: the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the skin is disrupted. From this we draw the first conclusion why rosacea is so dangerous for us. Many congestive vessels lead to a violation of skin metabolism and respiration, dryness, decreased immunity, and therefore to premature aging of the skin.
What causes couperosis on the face?
Modifiable risk factors for progression of rosacea are:
overheating (local steaming of the skin of the face, frequent visits to baths / saunas),
abuse of alcohol, coffee, chocolate, as well as very spicy and hot foods
regular trauma to the skin, especially for so-called home care (e.g. scrubbing, peeling)
incorrect selection of cosmetic procedures (deep peels, warming solutions, hardware massages).
pregnancy and childbirth
Of course, it is extremely difficult to abandon the habits acquired over the years. You can start with a slight decrease in the presence of these risk factors, and you can already noticeably improve skin quality. And in the future, completely abandon the harmful effects. It is important to understand that the sooner we eliminate the cause, the faster the skin will delight us with its healthy state.
In addition to the predisposition and exposure to risk factors, rosacea can be caused by serious diseases of the internal organs and serve as an important diagnostic symptom.
Cuperosis as a manifestation of diseases of the internal organs.
The most common diseases that cause damage to the vascular wall:
arterial hypertension, acute crisis or a chronic malignant course, when systolic blood pressure keeps above 160 mm Hg and cannot be corrected.
diabetes mellitus, in which the level of glycated hemoglobin in the blood rises, which leads to a violation of oxygen metabolism in the vascular wall and causes tissue hypoxia. In the future, microangiopathy develops, leading to trophic disorders.
vascular symptoms can be a bell indicating the presence of liver disease, an inflammatory process of an infectious or viral nature.
autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, are also manifested by damage to the capillary network, which can serve as an early diagnostic symptom.
hormonal disorders of various origins, from dysfunction of sex hormones to disorders caused by neoplasms of the brain.
How to treat rosacea on the face?
There are several ways to treat rosacea and they all boil down to destroying and removing damaged capillaries.
laser removal of blood vessels
With sclerotherapy, a special drug is introduced into the dilated vessels – sclerosant, which blocks the capillaries, and over time they disappear without a trace. However, in the case of small vessels, this method does not work, therefore, it is mainly used to treat spider veins on the legs.
Electrocoagulation is that a delicate game is introduced into the damaged capillaries, through which an electric discharge is launched that destroys the vessel. The procedure is very long-term, besides it is painful and traumatic, as it is accompanied by a great risk of the formation of small scars. Therefore, today it is practically not used.
Treatment of rosacea on the face with a laser and phototherapy.
The most modern and safest way to remove blood vessels on the face is laser treatment. With laser coagulation, “gluing” of the walls of the vessel occurs, which leads to its instant disappearance.