In recent years, prosthetics with arch prostheses have been selected by an increasing number of patients. Now the latest materials and technologies are used in the manufacture of these structures, thanks to which clasp prostheses have become light and almost invisible to others. The high popularity of such prostheses is due to their hygiene, high quality and ease of use.
Any of the supported prostheses include:
a plastic base with teeth mounted on it;
fastening design: either telescopic crowns, or supporting and holding clasps, or fastenings of a castle or beam type, as well as a metal frame (if the prosthesis is clasp).
Features of removable clasp prostheses
Clasp prostheses are removable devices, the base of which is a solid metal frame. Clasp dentures help out when the patient has not a small number of teeth, and bridge prostheses and implantation for one reason or another are impossible.
With the loss of several teeth, a chewing load falls on both the remaining teeth and those places of the gums from which the teeth were lost. Chewing load, thanks to clasp prostheses, is distributed evenly in the oral cavity.
Therefore, it is precisely such designs that are recommended when severe masticatory function failures are identified.
Pros and cons of clasp prostheses
Why clasp removable structures are better than fixed devices:
The installation of clasp prostheses, as a rule, does not harm the abutment teeth, pulp and periodontal, since this process does not include grinding of nearby teeth for the manufacture of crowns.
Due to their removability, these structures are easily removed from the oral cavity for hygienic procedures. To clean them, ordinary water is enough, but native teeth are treated with a brush and toothpaste. Non-removable prosthetics do not allow to effectively clean the gaps between artificial teeth and gums, where tartar deposits are usually formed, food particles accumulate and microbes actively multiply.
At the moment, the choice of artificial teeth is so great that everyone can choose prostheses that do not differ from his own teeth in size, shape, or color.
The disadvantages of removable structures include the fact that such prostheses at the initial stage of use usually cause inconvenience and discomfort to the patient.
However, it cannot be clearly stated that removable devices are in all cases preferable to non-removable devices. Sometimes fixed prosthetics is simply impossible, then the problem of losing your own teeth is solved by removable prosthetics.
Unlike fixed devices, removable structures are used for different locations and scales of defects in the oral cavity. It is removable structures that allow you to distribute the chewing load so that it is uniform. Own teeth will not be overloaded, which will extend their service life.
How to choose a prosthesis
A model of a removable prosthesis is selected based on many nuances, among which both the types of defect and its location are important. The larger the removable prosthesis has, the less pressure it exposes to the underlying tissues. That is why for a large-scale dentition defect, the basis area should also be large. But, the basis of plastic, being a foreign body, is often the cause of discomfort and can cause side effects. Therefore, specialists are trying to make prostheses with the basis as small as possible in area.
Clasp dentures have cardinal differences from removable laminar dentures. A common feature of these designs is that they can be worn and removed. “Bugel” is translated from German as “arc”. They do not have a massive plastic base that can cover a significant part of the jaw. Instead, the clasp devices have delicate openwork molding, and the prosthesis is perfectly fixed by clasps for healthy teeth, as well as for separately prepared crowns. This design is easy to use, elegant and in no way affects diction.
To fix the clasps of the clasp prostheses, the presence of nearby strong supporting teeth is necessary. This makes it possible not to produce a massive basis for performing a suction and support function.
It turns out that an important advantage of the clasp prosthesis is its solid metal base, which significantly reduces its size and increases its strength.
Advantages of clasp dentures from removable laminar dentures
Lamellar dentures often break, causing pain and discomfort to the patient, but clasp structures are much stronger than the frame made of metal alloys safe for health.
Clasp dentures, being compact enough, take up very little space in the oral cavity, and do not interfere with speech and food intake.
Removable plate dentures only load the mucous membrane of the oral cavity and gums, and clasp dentures load the entire jaw along with the remaining teeth. This increases the efficiency of the chewing process and eliminates the appearance of pain.