Find and degrease
To find a quick method of dealing with what is commonly called excess fat is the goal of modern medicine, since mankind realized that a pair of fat folds is not at all a sign of the security of its owner, but a deficiency that needs to be corrected. This method almost 100 years ago was liposuction – which still remains a leader in its field.
Everyone probably knows what liposuction is, while the vast majority have an absolutely incorrect idea about the purpose of this procedure. Liposuction is often mistakenly considered a way to lose weight and fight overweight, it is no coincidence that the nation of fast food in the USA has been the leader in the number of liposuction operations for several years – more than 500,000 operations per year.
In reality, every doctor will say liposuction is a way of modeling body contours. Yes, this is a method of fighting fat, but only locally, in problem areas, which tend to willingly accumulate fat cells, and part with them with difficulty. When other remedies are powerless, liposuction enters the fray.
The beginning of time
The first operation, similar in purpose and method to modern liposuction, was recorded in 1926. The operation had deplorable consequences, as a result, interest in contour plasty subsided for several decades. Attempts resumed only in the 60s, when surgeons tried to use primitive devices to terminate pregnancy in order to remove body fat. Imperfect tools and the fact that the operations were essentially blind, often led to undesirable results. Nevertheless, the first surgeons practicing liposuction chose the right path, it remained to improve it. This was succeeded by the French doctor, whom textbooks call the forefather of modern liposuction.
Yves Gerard Illu in the late 70s invented a technique that allows using special blunted tools to access vast areas of the buttocks and thighs while doing much less harm to internal tissues and blood vessels than its predecessors. The first successful operation was the removal of fatty deposits on the back. The operation not only gave a visible result, but also left virtually no scars. And at the same time opened the heyday of contour plastic surgery.
The technique of the classical liposuction operation is a mechanical breakdown of the bonds of fat cells, which is achieved by the movement of the horse – a steel tube with a blunt end – inside the treated area. Fat cells, actually torn from the place of stay, are removed from the body using an aspiration apparatus connected to the cannula.
Classical liposuction, even before the application of new technologies, underwent several stages of development from the so-called “dry” liposuction, when the fat was destroyed and excreted without the use of additional drugs, until “wet” when the fat cells were previously exposed to an anesthetic solution introduced into the treated area. After several years of successful practice, the classical liposuction technique reached its peak of development, the wet liposuction solution was improved by adding saline, soda solution and vasoconstrictor drugs to the anesthetic. Thus, it was possible to reduce blood loss, but the risk of the main side effects of liposuction – tissue disruption and the possibility of deformation, remained great.
With the speed of sound
The use of high-frequency sound waves to destroy fat cells has been used relatively recently. Successful tests of the new technique gave rise to high-profile advertising slogans – liposuction without surgery. Meanwhile, surgeons unequivocally agree – liposuction requires aspiration of fat cells, and this in any case involves surgical intervention, only the methods for destroying fat cells differ.
In this case, instead of the mechanical method, the cells are exposed to ultrasonic waves, which are sent to the problem area with an ultrasound probe. As a result of exposure in the cells, a cavitation process occurs, which destroys cellular bonds and prepares fat deposits for easier and more effective aspiration.
Ultrasonic liposuction is considered more gentle. Tissue healing is almost two times faster than with the classical technique. Among the shortcomings, the risk of internal tissue burns under the influence of ultrasonic waves in not very experienced hands is noted, as well as a longer time of the procedure itself: it is necessary to act on fat cells and remove them sequentially.
Non-surgical liposuction is often mistakenly called ultrasonic cavitation. The technique is similar to ultrasonic liposuction in the way it affects fat cells. However, in the non-surgical procedure of cavitation, the effect is carried out through the surface of the skin, is less intense, and involves the removal of fat cells in a natural way in the process of metabolism.